Some don't realize it, but today is Pearl Harbor Day. We remember the attack made on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 by the Imperial Japanese Navy. This is some factual information about that day in history (copied from Wikipedia). Aircraft and midget submarines of the Imperial Japanese Navy began a surprise attack on the U.S. under the command of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto.
Despite long-standing assertions that this attack could have been predicted and prevented by the United States Military, the U.S. forces at Pearl Harbor appeared to be utterly unprepared, and the attack effectively drew the United States into World War II. At 6:09 a.m. on December 7, the six Japanese carriers launched a first wave of 183 planes composed mainly of dive bombers, horizontal bombers and fighters.
The Japanese hit American ships and military installations at 7:55 a.m. The first wave attacked military airfields of Ford Island. At 8:30 a.m. a second wave of 180 Japanese planes, mostly torpedo bombers, attacked the fleet anchored in Pearl Harbor. The battleship Arizona was hit with an armor piercing bomb which penetrated the forward ammunition compartment, blowing the ship apart and sinking it within seconds. Overall, nine ships of the U.S. fleet were sunk and twenty-one ships were severely damaged. Three of the twenty-one would be irreparable.
The overall death toll reached 2,350, including 68 civilians, and 1,178 injured. Of the military personnel lost at Pearl Harbor, 1,177 were from the Arizona. The first shots fired were from the USS Ward on a midget submarine that had surfaced outside of Pearl Harbor, the USS Ward did successfully sink the midget sub at approximately 6:55, about an hour before the assault on Pearl Harbor.
The Navy base itself was recognized on January 29, 1964 as a National Historic Landmark district. Within its bounds, it contains several other Landmarks, also associated with the attack on Pearl Harbor including the USS Arizona, USS BowfinTemplate:WP Ships USS instances, and USS UtahTemplate:WP Ships USS instances. As an active Navy base, many of the historic buildings that contributed to the NHL designation are under threat of demolition and rebuilding.
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